Cimmerians

Earliest record: -2000
Last record: -500

Language family: Iranian

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YearsAction
-2000-800Located in [1]
-1000Partial migration to
-1000-650Located in [2]
-900-800Expanded to [3]
-900-800Partial migration to
-900-600Located in [4]
-800-700Wandering in [5]
-714Conquered [6]
-705Attacked [7]
-704-681Conquered [8]
-704-635Located in
-700Attacked [8]
-700-650Attacked [8]
-700-650Attacked [9]
-679Attacked [6]
-669-627Attacked [10]
-652Conquered [8]
-652-575Located in
-645Conquered [10]
-600-500Were assimilated [10]

Location Info

  1. Betw lower Danube & Caucasus Mts
  2. {C Balkans See map 6, p.119 under Basarabi & Bosut cultures.} *{108- 10}*
  3. C Balkans See map 6, p.119 under Basarabi & Bosut cultures.
  4. Transcaucasia (area S of Caucasus).
  5. {E R, E BG, S SU, around Black Sea and N as far as Kiev, SU.} *{305- 8}*
  6. E R, E BG, S SU, around Black Sea and N as far as Kiev, SU.
  7. Transylvania, Oltenia, Banat
  8. Urartu (S of L Van, TR)
  9. Cappadocia, AM
  10. Phrygia, AM (For definition of area, see (221-10).)
  11. Phrygia (AM)
  12. Bosporus, AM via Balkans
  13. Kyzikos, Chalcedon, Sinope, Trapezunt (Trapezus) & other Ionian cities of (N) AM. (Includes Miletus, Smyrna acc/to (221-11).)
  14. Macedonia & C Epirus
  15. Khupishna (in or nr Taurus Mts)
  16. Cilicia (AM)
  17. Lydia, AM
  18. Lydia (AM)
  19. Abydos (Hellespont)
  20. Thrace

References

  1. Gimbutas, Marija. 1965. Bronze Age Cultures in Central and Eastern Europe. Mouton & Co., The Hague, Netherlands. 681 pp. and 115 plates.
  2. Tasia, Nikola. 1983. Das jugoslawische Donaugebiet von der indoeuropaeischen Wanderung bis zum Vorstoss der Skythen. [In Serbo-Croat, with German summary] Matica Srpska, Dept. of Social Sciences. Balcanological Institute, SANU Special edition No. 17. Novi Sad. 167 pp. + 29 pl.
  3. Randa, Alexander (ed.). 1958. Steppenvoelkerkreis. pp. 341-388. In Handbuch der Weltgeschichte, 2nd edition. Walter Verlag, Olten, Switzerland.
  4. Europa V Dobe Bronzove a Halstatske (1700 AZ 400 Let Pred N.L.). Doba Bronzova a Zelezna Rane Historicke narody. 1965. IIc. In Atlas Ceskoslovenskych, Dejin. USGK. Prague.
  5. Daicoviciu, Hadrian. 1971. Dacia and the Daco-Getae. pp. 65-78. In The Illyrians and Dacians. Catalogue of an exhibition. National Museum, Belgrade. 215 pp. + 32 pl.
  6. Barnett, R.D. 1967. Phrygia and the peoples of Anatolia in the Iron Age. pp. 1-33. In Edwards, I.E.S., C.J. Gadd, and N.G.L. Hammond (eds.). The Cambridge Ancient History. Volume 2, Chapter 30. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  7. Catalysts of Civilization. 1979. pp. 56, No. 3. In Barraclough, Geoffrey, (ed.). Times Atlas of World History. Time Books Limited, London. 360 pp.
  8. Wiesner, Joseph. 1963. Die Thraker. W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart, W. Germany. 256 pp + 12 pl.
  9. Hammond, N.G.L. 1972. A History of Macedonia. Clarendon Press, Oxford. 493 pp.
  10. Danov, Christo M. 1972. Altthrakien als politischer Faktor auf (der) Balkanhalbinsel und im oestlichen Mittelmeerraum waehrend des I. Jahrtausends v.u. Z. pp. 179-195. In Georgiev, V.I., V. Tapkova-Zaimova, and V. Veltkov (eds.). Thracia, Primus Congressus Studiorum Thracicorum. Serdicae (Sofia).