Franks

Earliest record: 258
Last record: 1000

Language family: Germanic

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YearsAction
258Attacked [1]
275Attacked [2]
275276Attacked [3]
280290Were resettled in [2]
291Were resettled in [4]
294Partial migration to [5]
341Attacked [6]
350Attacked [6]
360Partial migration to [5]
400450Located in
450457Located in
457Expanded to
457480Located in
480Expanded to [5]
480486Located in
486494Expanded to [6]
486496Located in
496Conquered [7]
496497Expanded to [6]
496507Located in
507Conquered [8]
507531Located in
531541Conquered
531709Located in
538Attacked [6]
631Attacked [9]
709712Conquered [10]
709772Located in
772801Conquered
772900Located in
796Attacked [11]
8001000Settled in [12]
803Attacked [13]

Location Info

  1. Tarraco (Tarragona, Mediterr. coast of E).
  2. Along highway Cologne-Tongeren (B)- Bavay (nr Maubeuge, F).
  3. Rhein-Mosel RR area (Trier)
  4. Trier (D), Amiens, Beauvais, Troyes & Langres (all in F).
  5. S Brabant, Hainaut,Ardennes Mts, Moselle RV.
  6. Saone & Doubs RR area NE to around Gray, F.
  7. Parts of Gaul
  8. Cologne
  9. Saone & Marne RR area NE of Dijon, F.
  10. {Betw. Yssel & Lower Lippe RR} + {Upper Wupper R} + {Area N of Lippe R} *{12-206} + {900-25} + {12-197}*
  11. {Betw. Yssel & Lower Lippe RR + Upper Wupper R + Area N of Lippe R} + {Xanthen including areas to the right of the Rhine R, the Ruhrgau around Duisburg & Menden, & the Hettergau around Herbede.} + {Betw. Ruhr & Lippe RR} + {Toxandria Toxandria = Teisterbant area (in Dutch). It is the drainage area of the Drommel R in N Brabant, extending E to the Peel Swamps, W to inlet of Schelde R. + Beyond Toxandria into Flanders} *{900- 575} + {2-17} + {12-202}* * + {2- 13}*
  12. Cambrai & Somme RR + Alsace & Palatinate.
  13. {Betw. Yssel & Lower Lippe RR + Upper Wupper R + Area N of Lippe R + Xanthen including areas to the right of the Rhine R, the Ruhrgau around Duisburg & Menden, & the Hettergau around Herbede. + Betw. Ruhr & Lippe RR + Toxandria Toxandria = Teisterbant area (in Dutch). It is the drainage area of the Drommel R in N Brabant, extending E to the Peel Swamps, W to inlet of Schelde R. + Beyond Toxandria into Flanders} + {Cambrai & Somme RR + Alsace & Palatinate.} *{900- 576} + {900-577}*
  14. Luxembourg, & along Mosel R into Rheinland-Pfalz, Hunsrueck, Saarland.
  15. {Betw. Yssel & Lower Lippe RR + Upper Wupper R + Area N of Lippe R + Xanthen including areas to the right of the Rhine R, the Ruhrgau around Duisburg & Menden, & the Hettergau around Herbede. + Betw. Ruhr & Lippe RR + Toxandria Toxandria = Teisterbant area (in Dutch). It is the drainage area of the Drommel R in N Brabant, extending E to the Peel Swamps, W to inlet of Schelde R. + Beyond Toxandria into Flanders + Cambrai & Somme RR + Alsace & Palatinate.} + {Luxembourg, & along Mosel R into Rheinland- Pfalz, Hunsrueck, Saarland.} *{900- 578} + {362-7}*
  16. Between Seine & Loire RR
  17. {Betw. Yssel & Lower Lippe RR + Upper Wupper R + Area N of Lippe R + Xanthen including areas to the right of the Rhine R, the Ruhrgau around Duisburg & Menden, & the Hettergau around Herbede. + Betw. Ruhr & Lippe RR + Toxandria Toxandria = Teisterbant area (in Dutch). It is the drainage area of the Drommel R in N Brabant, extending E to the Peel Swamps, W to inlet of Schelde R. + Beyond Toxandria into Flanders + Cambrai & Somme RR + Alsace & Palatinate.} + {Luxembourg, & along Mosel R into Rheinland- Pfalz, Hunsrueck, Saarland. + {Between Seine & Loire RR} *{900- 579} + {2-20}*
  18. Fritzlar-Waberner basin N of Knuell Mts & drained by Eder R, Kasseler basin adjacent in N, area of Diemel & Esse RR (Abb. 182).
  19. Alaman Empire {(Alsace, Palatinate, Worms Rheingau, Aschaffenburg, Wuerzburg, Raetia W of Iller R, + Basel, CH, + N, C, & E CH + {Meuse R area, just W of Mosel R, around Foug, E F. + Borders: W is Rhine R, S is L Constance, E is Iller & Danube RR. N of Main R, the Rheingau and Wetterau. + Dieuze, betw Rhine & Mosel RR, nr Seille R, Moselle Region, E F. + Troyes, on Seine R, F. + Auxerre, E F. + Autun, E F. + Marne R area of Champagne Region, F. - N part of territory.)} *{900-7}*
  20. {Betw. Yssel & Lower Lippe RR + Upper Wupper R + Area N of Lippe R + Xanthen including areas to the right of the Rhine R, the Ruhrgau around Duisburg & Menden, & the Hettergau around Herbede. + Betw. Ruhr & Lippe RR + Toxandria Toxandria = Teisterbant area (in Dutch). It is the drainage area of the Drommel R in N Brabant, extending E to the Peel Swamps, W to inlet of Schelde R. + Beyond Toxandria into Flanders + Cambrai & Somme RR + Alsace & Palatinate. + Luxembourg, & along Mosel R into Rheinland-Pfalz, Hunsrueck, Saarland. + Between Seine & Loire RR} + {Alaman Empire (Alsace, Palatinate, Worms Rheingau, Aschaffenburg, Wuerzburg, Raetia W of Iller R, + Basel, CH, + N, C, & E CH + Meuse R area, just W of Mosel R, around Foug, E F. + Borders: W is Rhine R, S is L Constance, E is Iller & Danube RR. N of Main R, the Rheingau and Wetterau. + Dieuze, betw Rhine & Mosel RR, nr Seille R, Moselle Region, E F. + Troyes, on Seine R, F. + Auxerre, E F. + Autun, E F. + Marne R area of Champagne Region, F. - N part of territory.)} + {Fritzlar-Waberner basin N of Knuell Mts & drained by Eder R, Kasseler basin adjacent in N, area of Diemel & Esse RR (Abb. 182).} *{900-580} + {2-24} + {197-7}*
  21. Tolosanic Empire (around) Toulouse, from Loire R to Pyrenees.
  22. {Betw. Yssel & Lower Lippe RR + Upper Wupper R + Area N of Lippe R + Xanthen including areas to the right of the Rhine R, the Ruhrgau around Duisburg & Menden, & the Hettergau around Herbede. + Betw. Ruhr & Lippe RR + Toxandria Toxandria = Teisterbant area (in Dutch). It is the drainage area of the Drommel R in N Brabant, extending E to the Peel Swamps, W to inlet of Schelde R. + Beyond Toxandria into Flanders + Cambrai & Somme RR + Alsace & Palatinate. + Luxembourg, & along Mosel R into Rheinland-Pfalz, Hunsrueck, Saarland. + Between Seine & Loire RR + Alaman Empire (Alsace, Palatinate, Worms Rheingau, Aschaffenburg, Wuerzburg, Raetia W of Iller R, + Basel, CH, + N, C, & E CH + Meuse R area, just W of Mosel R, around Foug, E F. + Borders: W is Rhine R, S is L Constance, E is Iller & Danube RR. N of Main R, the Rheingau and Wetterau. + Dieuze, betw Rhine & Mosel RR, nr Seille R, Moselle Region, E F. + Troyes, on Seine R, F. + Auxerre, E F. + Autun, E F. + Marne R area of Champagne Region, F. - N part of territory.) + Fritzlar-Waberner basin N of Knuell Mts & drained by Eder R, Kasseler basin adjacent in N, area of Diemel & Esse RR (Abb. 182).} + {Tolosanic Empire (around) Toulouse, from Loire R to Pyrenees.} *{900-581} + {166-18}*
  23. {Thuringian Empire} + {SE F up to Durance R (RP Lugdunensis I)} + {Sapaudia (corresponds to French speaking part of modern CH & S Empire stretched from S Champagne to the Durance and the Maritime Alps.} + {Provence} + {Bayuvar Empire} + {Narbonne, Pamplona} *{12-174} + {192-18} + {11-108}* * + {11-112} + {12-157} * * + {232-31} *
  24. {Betw. Yssel & Lower Lippe RR + Upper Wupper R + Area N of Lippe R + Xanthen including areas to the right of the Rhine R, the Ruhrgau around Duisburg & Menden, & the Hettergau around Herbede. + Betw. Ruhr & Lippe RR + Toxandria (=Teisterbant area in Dutch). Drainage area of Drom- mel R in N Brabant, ext E to Peel Swamps, W to inlet of Schelde R + Beyond Toxandria into Flanders + Cambrai & Somme RR + Alsace & Palatinate +Luxembourg, & along Mosel R into Rheinland-Pfalz,Hunsruek,Saarland + Between Seine & Loire RR + Alaman Empire (Alsace, Palatinate, Worms Rheingau, Aschaffenburg, Wuerzburg, Raetia W of Iller R, + Basel, CH, + N, C, & E CH + Meuse R area, just W of Mosel R, around Foug, E F. + Borders: W is Rhine R, S is L Constance, E is Iller & Danube RR. N of Main R, the Rheingau and Wetterau. + Dieuze, betw Rhine & Mosel RR, nr Seille R, Moselle Region, E F. + Troyes, on Seine R, F. + Auxerre, E F. + Autun, E F. + Marne R area of Champagne Region, F - N part of terr.) + Fritzlar-Waberner basin N of Knuell Mts & drained by Eder R, Kasseler basin adj. in N, area of Diemel & Esse RR (Abb. 182). + Tolosanic Empire (around) Toulouse, from Loire R to Pyrenees.} + {Thuringian Empire + SE F up to Durance R (RP Lugdunensis I) + Sapaudia (corresponds to French spking part of mod Ch & S Empire stretched from S Champagne to the Durance and Maritime Alps + Provence + Bayuvar Empire + Narbonne, Pamplona} *{900-582} + {900-583}*
  25. Milan, Venetia
  26. Zaragoza (E)
  27. N I & CH (German-speaking part; see ref 357)
  28. {Betw. Yssel & Lower Lippe RR + Upper Wupper R + Area N of Lippe R + Xanthen including areas to the right of the Rhine R, the Ruhrgau around Duisburg & Menden, & the Hettergau around Herbede. + Betw. Ruhr & Lippe RR + Toxandria Toxandria = Teisterbant area (in Dutch). It is the drainage area of the Drommel R in N Brabant, extending E to the Peel Swamps, W to inlet of Schelde R. + Beyond Toxandria into Flanders + Cambrai & Somme RR + Alsace & Palatinate. + Luxembourg, & along Mosel R into Rheinland-Pfalz, Hunsrueck, Saarland. + Between Seine & Loire RR + Alaman Empire (Alsace, Palatinate, Worms Rheingau, Aschaffenburg, Wuerzburg, Raetia W of Iller R, + Basel, CH, + N, C, & E CH around Foug, E F. + Borders: W
  29. {Betw mid & lower Rhine & mid Weser R (S Saxony)} + {Friulia, Istria} + {Coast N of Zuiderzee up to Ems R and betw Ems R & Weser R (East Frisia)} + {Bavaria} + {Havel & Peene RR (DDR)} + {Barcelona, Pallars, Ribagorza & Aragon counties} *{194-28} + {149-16} + {12-111}* *+ {196-12} + {33-37} + {53-71}*
  30. {Betw. Yssel & Lower Lippe RR + Upper Wupper R + Area N of Lippe R + Xanthen including areas to the right of the Rhine R, the Ruhrgau around Duisburg & Menden, & the Hettergau around Herbede. + Betw. Ruhr & Lippe RR + Toxandria Toxandria = Teisterbant area (in Dutch). It is the drainage area of the Drommel R in N Brabant, extending E to the Peel Swamps, W to inlet of Schelde R. + Beyond Toxandria into Flanders + Cambrai & Somme RR + Alsace & Palatinate. + Luxembourg, & along Mosel R into Rheinland-Pfalz, Hunsrueck, Saarland. + Between Seine & Loire RR + Alaman Empire (Alsace, Palatinate, Worms Rheingau, Aschaffenburg, Wuerzburg, Raetia W of Iller R, + Basel, CH, + N, C, & E CH around Foug, E F. + Borders: W
  31. Tisza R banks
  32. Santiago de Compostela (E)
  33. Pannonia

References

  1. Krueger, Bruno. 1983. Die historische Situation zu Beginn des 3. Jahrhunderts. pp. 11-20. In Krueger, Bruno (ed.) Die Germanen. Vol. 2. Akademie-Verlag, Berlin.
  2. Krueger, Bruno. 1983. Die Franken bis zur politischen Vereinigung unter Chlodwig. pp. 379-442. In Krueger, Bruno (ed.) Die Germanen. Vol. 2. Akademie-Verlag, Berlin.
  3. Laser, Rudolf. 1983. Roemisch-germanische Beziehungen im 3. Jarhundert. pp. 32-56. In Krueger, Bruno (ed.) Die Germanen. Vol. 2. Akademie-Verlag, Berlin.
  4. Twiesselmann, Francois. 1979. Populations pr,historiques et actuelles de la Belgique et du Grand-Duch, de Luxembourg. pp. 103-146. In Schwidetzky, I. (ed.). Rassengeschichte der Menschheit. Volume 7. R. Oldenbourg Verlag, Munich.
  5. Die Keltischen und Germanischen Voelkerschaften. 1938. pp. 86 In Helbok, Adolf. Grundlagen der Volksgeschichte Deutschlands und Frankreichs. Walter de Guyter and Co., Berlin.
  6. Zoellner, E. 1970. Geschichte der Franken bis zur Mitte des sechsten Jahrhunderts. Verlag C.H. Beck, Munich. 278 pp.
  7. Laser, Rudolf. 1983. Die Chatten. pp. 571-584. In Krueger, Bruno (ed.) Die Germanen. Vol. 2. Akademie-Verlag, Berlin.
  8. Vallois, H.V. and M.C. Chamla. 1974. Histoire raciale de la France. pp. 45-102. In Schwidetzky, I. (ed.). Rassengeschichte der Menschheit. Volume 2. R. Oldenbourg Verlag, Munich.
  9. Ubieto Arteta, A., J. Regla' Campistol, and J.M. Jover Zamora. 1963. Introduccion a la Historia de Espana. Editorial Teide S.A., Barcelona. 798 pp.
  10. Musset, L. 1975. The Germanic Invasions. Paul Elek, London. 287 pp.
  11. Vernadsky, George. 1943. Ancient Russia. Yale University Press, New Haven, Connecticut. 425 pp.
  12. Altamira, Rafael. 1968. A History of Spanish Civilization. Biblo and Tannen, New York. 280 pp.
  13. Avenarius, A. 1974. Die Awaren in Europa. A.M. Hakkert B.V., Amsterdam. 284 pp.