Khazars

Earliest record: 500
Last record: 1030

Language family: Turcic

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YearsAction
500650Located in [1]
627Attacked [2]
650680Expanded to
650750Located in [2]
683Attacked [2]
717Attacked [2]
726Attacked [2]
750Expanded to [3]
750787Located in
764Attacked [2]
764Attacked [2]
787Conquered [2]
787840Located in
799800Attacked [2]
840Conquered [2]
840850Located in
850Contracted from
850889Located in
889Expanded to
8891030Located in

Location Info

  1. N of Caucasus & Caspian
  2. Tiflis (Tblisi)
  3. {N of Caucasus & Caspian} - {N Caucasian area & triangular bulge to the N, betw lower Don & lower Volga RR, also steppes & deserts E of Volga to the Yaik R (= Ural R). S boundary was main Caucasus range. W boundary is Pontic (Black Sea) littoral from Kuban R mouth to Kerch. NW boundary is Sea of Azov. E boundary is from mouth of Yaik R to Derbend Pass or Gate.} *{31-31} - {234-92}*
  4. N Caucasian area & triangular bulge to the N, betw lower Don & lower Volga RR, also steppes & deserts E of Volga to the Yaik R (= Ural R). S boundary was main Caucasus range. W boundary is Pontic (Black Sea) littoral from Kuban R mouth to Kerch. NW boundary is Sea of Azov. E boundary is from mouth of Yaik R to Derbend Pass or Gate.
  5. Armenia
  6. Azerbaidjan
  7. Azerbaidjan
  8. Across Don R to Dnepr & Dnestr RR
  9. {N Caucasian area & triangular bulge to the N, betw lower Don & lower Volga RR, also steppes & deserts E of Volga to the Yaik R (= Ural R). S boundary was main Caucasus range. W boundary is Pontic (Black Sea) littoral from Kuban R mouth to Kerch. NW boundary is Sea of Azov. E boundary is from mouth of Yaik R to Derbend Pass or Gate.} + {Across Don R to Dnepr & Dnestr RR.} *{234-92} + {211-9}*
  10. Tiflis (Tblisi)
  11. Armenia
  12. Doras (=Dory, Eski-Kerman; capital of the Crimean Goths.)
  13. {N Caucasian area & triangular bulge to the N, betw lower Don & lower Volga RR, also steppes & deserts E of Volga to the Yaik R (= Ural R). S boundary was main Caucasus range. W boundary is Pontic (Black Sea) littoral from Kuban R mouth to Kerch. NW boundary is Sea of Azov. E boundary is from mouth of Yaik R to Derbend Pass or Gate. + Across Don R to Dnepr & Dnestr RR.} + {Doras (=Dory, Eski-Kerman; capital of the Crimean Goths.)} *{900-383} + {234-136}*
  14. Transcaucasia
  15. Entire Donets R basin, Desna R basin, Don R area as far as Bogucar.
  16. {N Caucasian area & triangular bulge to the N, betw lower Don & lower Volga RR, also steppes & deserts E of Volga to the Yaik R (= Ural R). S boundary was main Caucasus range. W boundary is Pontic (Black Sea) littoral from Kuban R mouth to Kerch. NW boundary is Sea of Azov. E boundary is from mouth of Yaik R to Derbend Pass or Gate. + Across Don R to Dnepr & Dnestr RR. + Doras (=Dory, Eski-Kerman; capital of the Crimean Goths.)} + {Entire Donets R basin, Desna R basin, Don R area as far as Bogucar.} *{900-385} + {234-172}*
  17. {Area between Ural & Volga RR} *{900-386}*
  18. {N Caucasian area & triangular bulge to the N, betw lower Don & lower Volga RR, also steppes & deserts E of Volga to the Yaik R (= Ural R). S boundary was main Caucasus range. W boundary is Pontic (Black Sea) littoral from Kuban R mouth to Kerch. NW boundary is Sea of Azov. E boundary is from mouth of Yaik R to Derbend Pass or Gate. + Across Don R to Dnepr & Dnestr RR. + Doras (=Dory, Eski-Kerman; capital of the Crimean Goths.) + Entire Donets R basin, Desna R basin, Don R area as far as Bogucar.} - {Area between Ural & Volga RR} *{900-384} - {900-386}*
  19. {N Caucasian area & triangular bulge to the N, betw lower Don & lower Volga RR, also steppes & deserts E of Volga to the Yaik R (= Ural R). S boundary was main Caucasus range. W boundary is Pontic (Black Sea) littoral from Kuban R mouth to Kerch. NW boundary is Sea of Azov. E boundary is from mouth of Yaik R to Derbend Pass or Gate. + Across Don R to Dnepr & Dnestr RR. + Doras (=Dory, Eski-Kerman; capital of the Crimean Goths.) + Entire Donets R basin, Desna R basin, Don R area as far as Bogucar.} - {N Caucasian area & triangular bulge to the N, betw lower Don & lower Volga RR, also steppes & deserts E of Volga to the Yaik R (= Ural R). S boundary was main Caucasus range. W boundary is Pontic (Black Sea) littoral from Kuban R mouth to Kerch. NW boundary is Sea of Azov. E boundary is from mouth of Yaik R to Derbend Pass or Gate. + Across Don R to Dnepr & Dnestr RR. + Doras (=Dory, Eski-Kerman; capital of the Crimean Goths.) + Entire Donets R basin, Desna R basin, Don R area as far as Bogucar. - Area between Ural & Volga RR.} *{900-391} - {900-389}*
  20. {N Caucasian area & triangular bulge to the N, betw lower Don & lower Volga RR, also steppes & deserts E of Volga to the Yaik R (= Ural R). S boundary was main Caucasus range. W boundary is Pontic (Black Sea) littoral from Kuban R mouth to Kerch. NW boundary is Sea of Azov. E boundary is from mouth of Yaik R to Derbend Pass or Gate. + Across Don R to Dnepr & Dnestr RR. + Doras (=Dory, Eski-Kerman; capital of the Crimean Goths.) + Entire Donets R basin, Desna R basin, Don R area as far as Bogucar.} *{900-384}*

References

  1. de Fernandey, Michael. 1956. Die nordeurasischen Reitervoelker und der Westen bis zum Mongolensturm. pp. 175-223. In Valjavec, Fritz (ed.). Historia Mundi, Vol 5. Francke Verlag, Bern, Switzerland.
  2. Vernadsky, George. 1943. Ancient Russia. Yale University Press, New Haven, Connecticut. 425 pp.
  3. Clarkson, Jesse D. 1961. A History of Russia. Random House, New York. 857 pp.