Magyars

Earliest record: 630
Last record: 959

Language family: Ugric

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YearsAction
630700Migrated to [1]
630830Located in [2]
830Migrated to [3]
830895Located in [4]
840Conquered [1]
840878Located in [5]
896Migrated to [6]
899955Attacked [3]
900906Attacked [7]
934959Attacked [8]

Location Info

  1. Between Don R (acc/to (172-40)) and Upper Donets region
  2. Between Don R (see fig 2) & Upper Donets region (acc/to (234-120))
  3. Etelkoez (area spanning Dnepr, J. Bug, Dnestr, and Seret RR)
  4. EtelKoez (Hungarian for land between lower reaches of Danube & Don RR acc/to this author. But we accept Kiszely's narrower definition as given in (20-3)).
  5. Kiev
  6. Kiev
  7. Carpathian basin incl. modern H up to its border with A, N into Slovakia, E to Transylvania & S somewhat beyond Drave R. (cf detailed map in ref. use colors coded 1 & 3)
  8. D, F, I, N Spain
  9. Lower A (up to Enns R) & Greater Moravian Empire
  10. Byzantine Emp.(Balkans) (up to Constantinople) (see Muir'sAtlas, p. 14)

References

  1. Vernadsky, George. 1943. Ancient Russia. Yale University Press, New Haven, Connecticut. 425 pp.
  2. Kiszely, I. 1979. Rassengeschichte von Ungarn. pp. 9-49. In Schwidetzky, I. (ed.). Rassengeschichte der Menschheit. Volume 6. R. Oldenbourg Verlag, Munich.
  3. Dienes, Istvan. 1972. Die Ungarn um die Zeit der Landnahme. Corvina, Budapest. 103 pp and 73 pl.
  4. Liptak, Pal. 1983. Avars and Ancient Hungarians. Akademiai Kiado, Budapest. 208 pp.
  5. Vernadsky, G. 1956. Das fruehe Slawentum. Das Ostslawentum bis zum Mongolensturm. pp. 251-300. In Valjavec, Fritz (ed.). Historia Mundi, Vol 5. Francke Verlag, Bern, Switzerland.
  6. Erdelyi, I. 1977. Zur Frage der ethnischen Grenzen des landnehmenden Ungartums. Mitteilungen des Archaeologischen Instituts der Ungarischen Akademie der Wissenschaften 6:75-79.
  7. Windl, Helmut (ed.). 1977. Germanen, Awaren, Slawen in Niederoesterreich. Catalogue of an exhibition of the Niederoesterreiches Landesmuseum, Vienna. 156 pp.
  8. Hoesch, Edgar. 1968. Geschichte der Balkanlaender. W. Kohlhammer Verlag, Stuttgart. 160 pp.