Mongols

Earliest record: 1150
Last record: 1450

Language family: Turcic-Mongolian

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YearsAction
11501175Located in [1]
11751200Expanded to [1]
12181241Conquered [2]
1221Attacked [3]
1222Attacked [3]
12231245Conquered [4]
12231350Located in [4]
12231350Located in [4]
1238Attacked [3]
1240Attacked [5]
1240Attacked [3]
1241Attacked [6]
1241Attacked [3]
12411242Conquered [7]
1245Conquered
1250Settled in [8]
1285Attacked [3]
1286Attacked [3]
13501450Were assimilated
13701405Attacked [9]
13701405Attacked [9]
14021404Attacked [10]

Location Info

  1. Steppes N of China around Onon R nr Dulun-Boldag.
  2. Central Asia (Mongolia)
  3. Qara-Qytai, Chorezm (Buchara, Samarkand, Gurgang) Kuman Empire in S Russia, Persia. (See map entitled 'Feldzuege und Reich Dschingis- Chans' following p.376 in xerox.)
  4. Sea of Azov coast
  5. Dnestr R banks
  6. Russian Empire (See map p.60, in Putzger, Lendl, Wagner.)
  7. W Russia (Ukraine & Byelorussia)
  8. E Russia (Muscovite Empire)
  9. N Caucasus
  10. Lublin, Sandomir, Khmelnik Cracow, Ratibor, Oppeln, Breslau, Liegnitz (Legnica), PL.
  11. PL, Lithuania
  12. Mohi, in modern day H (nr Eger).
  13. Moldavia, Wallachia Transylvania, SE H, Moravia, Silesia, Esztergom (H), Udine (I).
  14. Erzurum (AM)
  15. {W Russia (Ukraine & Byelorussia)} - area of the {Russian Empire (See map p.60, in Putzger, Lendl, Wagner.)} *{32- 59} - {32-58}*
  16. Crimea
  17. Transylvania
  18. PL
  19. {E Russia (Muscovite Empire)} *{32- 60}*
  20. N, across Syr Darya R & N of Aral Sea, across Ural Mt area & W to Astrakhan, on Volga R nr Caspian Sea.
  21. Tabriz, N Iran
  22. AM (all the way to Izmir.)

References

  1. de Fernandey, Michael. 1956. Die nordeurasischen Reitervoelker und der Westen bis zum Mongolensturm. pp. 175-223. In Valjavec, Fritz (ed.). Historia Mundi, Vol 5. Francke Verlag, Bern, Switzerland.
  2. Randa, Alexander (ed.). 1958. Steppenvoelkerkreis. pp. 341-388. In Handbuch der Weltgeschichte, 2nd edition. Walter Verlag, Olten, Switzerland.
  3. Chambers, James. 1979. The Devil's Horsemen. The Mongol Invasion of Europe. Atheneum, New York. 190 pp.
  4. Vernadsky, G. 1956. Das fruehe Slawentum. Das Ostslawentum bis zum Mongolensturm. pp. 251-300. In Valjavec, Fritz (ed.). Historia Mundi, Vol 5. Francke Verlag, Bern, Switzerland.
  5. The Mongol Invasion of Europe. 1979. pp. 128, No. 2. In Barraclough, Geoffrey, (ed.). Times Atlas of World History. Time Books Limited, London. 360 pp.
  6. The Mongol Empire Before 1259. 1979. pp. 128-129, No. 1. In Barraclough, Geoffrey, (ed.). Times Atlas of World History. Time Books Limited, London. 360 pp.
  7. Talbot Rice, T. 1963. Die Seldschuken. M. DuMont Schauberg, Cologne. 252 pp.
  8. Akiner, Shirin. 1983. Islamic Peoples of the Soviet Union. Kegan Paul International, London. 462 pp.
  9. The Conquests of Timur 1370-1405. 1979. pp. 128, No. 4. In Barraclough, Geoffrey, (ed.). Times Atlas of World History. Time Books Limited, London. 360 pp.
  10. Randa, Alexander (ed.). 1958. Die Tuerkensultanate. pp. 1039-1090. In Handbuch der Weltgeschichte, 2nd edition. Walter Verlag, Olten, Switzerland.