Earliest record: -450
Last record: -405

Language family: Greek

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-450Naval attack [1]
-425Naval attack [2]
-425Naval attack [2]
-425Attacked [2]
-424Naval attack [2]
-424-405Conquered [3]
-416Conquered [2]
-415-413Naval attack [2]
-406Naval attack [2]

Location Info

  1. Most of GR and Cyprus (see Putzger pg.12, Map I).
  2. Pylos, SW GR
  3. SW corner Aetolia (GR); SW of Messolongi.
  4. Sphacteria, near Sparta, S GR
  5. Island of Cythera (S of Peloponnese).
  6. Chalcedon, Byzantium (on Bosporus).
  7. Island of Melos (E of Peloponnese.)
  8. Across Ionian sea to Syracuse, Sicily.
  9. Arguinusae Islands, nr Lesbos


  1. Schachermeyr, Fritz. 1954. Geschichte der Hellenen bis 356. pp 116-215. In Valjavec, Fritz (ed.) Historia Mundi. Vol. 3. Francke, Bern, Switzerland.
  2. The Peloponnesian War, 431-404 B.C. 1979. pp. 74, No. 4. In Barraclough, Geoffrey, (ed.). Times Atlas of World History. Time Books Limited, London. 360 pp.
  3. Randa, Alexander (ed.). 1958. Alteuropa. pp. 397-426. In Handbuch der Weltgeschichte, 2nd edition. Walter Verlag, Olten, Switzerland.