Earliest record: -1200
Last record: -547

Language family: Anatolian

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-1200-700Located in [1]
-700-547Located in [2]
-651-619Attacked [2]
-619-560Attacked [2]
-550Conquered [3]
-547Attacked [2]

Location Info

  1. W slopes along Maeander R (AM)
  2. W AM at Sardis nr Izmir
  3. Miletus, Priene (Aegean AM)
  4. Clazomenae, Smyrna (Aegean AM)
  5. Aegaean cities in Asia Minor except Milet.
  6. Boegazkoey


  1. Barnett, R.D. 1967. Phrygia and the peoples of Anatolia in the Iron Age. pp. 1-33. In Edwards, I.E.S., C.J. Gadd, and N.G.L. Hammond (eds.). The Cambridge Ancient History. Volume 2, Chapter 30. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  2. Lloyd, S.H.F. and P.H.J. Houwink ten Cate. 1976. Ancient Anatolia. pp. 813-825. In The New Encyclopaedia Britannica. Macropaedia. Volume 1. Encyclopaedia Britannica, Chicago.
  3. Schachermeyr, Fritz. 1954. Geschichte der Hellenen bis 356. pp 116-215. In Valjavec, Fritz (ed.) Historia Mundi. Vol. 3. Francke, Bern, Switzerland.